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Old 02-26-2009, 04:36 PM   #1
Surial
Avalon Senior Member
 
Join Date: Feb 2009
Location: North Carolina
Posts: 120
Wink Red Rain is Falling Down

In India there have been reports of red rain. I found this article regarding this here. Here is the article:


Quote:
*RED RAIN CELLS IN INDIA

February 3, 2008 by willowtrees

A red rain phenomenon occurred in Kerala, India starting from 25th July 2001, in which the rainwater appeared coloured in various localized places that are spread over a few hundred kilometers in Kerala. Maximum cases were reported during the first 10 days and isolated cases were found to occur for about 2 months. The striking red colouration of the rainwater was found to be due to the suspension of microscopic red particles having the appearance of biological cells. These particles have no similarity with usual desert dust. An estimated minimum quantity of 50,000 kg of red particles has fallen from the sky through red rain. An analysis of this strange phenomenon further shows that the conventional atmospheric transport processes like dust storms etc. cannot explain this phenomenon. The electron microscopic study of the red particles shows fine cell structure indicating their biological cell like nature. EDAX analysis shows that the major elements present in these cell like particles are carbon and oxygen. Strangely, a test for DNA using Ethidium Bromide dye fluorescence technique indicates absence of DNA in these cells. In the context of a suspected link between a meteor airburst event and the red rain, the possibility for the extraterrestrial origin of these particles from cometary fragments is discussed.
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Insummer, 2001, red rain fell in this 150 km by 450 km area of southwestern India. Data from 典he Red Rain Phenomenon猫ouis, of Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, India, told us in a brief email that the red rain fell on his hometown of Kottayam, 殿nd I was immediately interested. Under a microscope, the rusty-red water contained thick-walled objects that looked like cells. The cells had no nuclei, but they did contain structures that resembled the tiny organelles inside familiar cells.Most amazing, says Louis, the cells can reproduce under conditions that usually kill life. 典hese cells can be cultured at high temperature (about 600ー F) and pressure conditions and at high temperature their growth rate (i.e. multiplication) can be very fast. The details on replication are being submitted to another journal.Louis痴 study, published in March (see 典he Red Rain Phenomenon in the bibliography), also claimed that:

The rainfall averaged 9 million cells per cubic centimeter. At least 50 metric tons of cells fell on Kerala.

Most of the rain fell in the first 10 days, but some persisted for two months.

The first red rain occurred hours after local people heard a loud, cracking sound possibly the high-altitude explosion of a small meteor. The elliptical pattern of red rainfall resembles the pattern of fragments when a meteor strikes at a low angle but no meteor fragments were found.

While rainfall commonly contains desert dust, Louis noted that the cells in the Kerala samples looked nothing like dust.

An electron-microscope photo 田learly shows that these particles are having a fine structure similar to biological cell (sic), the Louis report said.

X-ray absorption analysis revealed high proportions of carbon, oxygen, silicon, aluminum and iron.

Two cells (or is that three?) seem to be forming inside this cell, taken from the red rains of Kerala. Courtesy CCAB, Cardiff University

The Louis report tried to answer obvious objections to the alien theory. For example, why didn稚 the cells rain out right away? Louis calculated that they would slowly drift down, taking up to 60 days to reach Earth痴 surface. The idea that one body of air would blanket Kerala for 60 days caught the eye of Ian Goddard, an independent researcher who wrote a debunking of the red-rain-as-aliens. Goddard wrote us to say, 徹ne fatal flaw with the 疎lien microbe theory is that the red rains fell sporadically between late July and late September of 2001. It痴 都imply preposterous to argue that these microscopic particles would slowly rain out of the atmosphere for two months, he wrote. 摘ven without monsoon winds blowing across the state the whole time such light aerosols released at a high altitude would be blown hundreds or thousands of miles away over that time. (The Why Files covered long-distance dust.)

Dusty?
The 2006 Louis article also cites a negative test for DNA at the Center for Astrobiology at Cardiff University, United Kingdom that 鉄trangely indicates absence of DNA in these cells.

DNA occurs in almost all life on Earth, and its absence was considered strong evidence for an extraterrestrial origin cells.

But there are holes in this amazing claim. As Louis admitted by email, 典his is not an ultimate test for DNA, it may fail due to unknown reasons like if the cells have clever mechanisms to hide the DNA from interacting with the dye. Lynn Rothschild, an associate professor of human biology at Stanford University and editor of the International Journal of Astrobiology, questions the reliability of the Cardiff claims, which should, she say, have been performed under a microscope.

Finally, the Cardiff lab seems to have changed its tune. According to its website: 擢urther work in progress has yielded positive for DNA using DAPI staining in the cells and daughters. However, this identification is not yet fully confirmed, and might be considered equivocal. We emailed Cardiff astrobiology director N.C. Wickramasinghe for clarification, but he never got back to us
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