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Old 07-12-2009, 02:55 AM   #1
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Lightbulb Planting by the Signs

Planting by the Signs

One of the earlier reasons for looking towards the Heavens for guidance was to insure the fertility of crops. My intention in this thread is to provide basic and concise information that, if followed, will help you raise a healthy garden with a high yield. Needless to say, there are many other important factors in raising a garden, such as weather, soil, compost, irrigation and most important, love. For best results, both the Moon's phase and sign should be considered. If possible, plan plantings ahead of time for periods when both indications are favorable.

Planting by the Moon’s Phases

The term “waxing” means the Moon’s light is increasing. The term “waning” means the Moon’s light is decreasing.

First Quarter – during the waxing Moon from the New Moon until the half Moon. Crops to be planted during this period include above ground plants such as lettuce, broccoli, asparagus, cabbage, brussel sprouts, spinach, kohlrabi, parsley, cauliflower and other leafy annuals (plants living only one season). Grains are best planted in the first quarter, as well as cucumbers, even though there are seeds in the fruit. These plants will also do well when planted during the Second Quarter.

Second Quarter – during the waxing Moon from the half Moon until the Full Moon. At this time all aboveground annuals that carry their seeds in the fruit should be planted. These include tomatoes, peppers, melons, squash, pumpkins, eggplant, beans and peas. These may also be planted during the First Quarter if it isn't possible to plant them during the Second.

Third Quarter – during the waning Moon from the Full Moon until the half Moon. This is the time to plant all root crops such as potatoes, onions, radishes, beets, turnips, carrots and parsnips. It is also a good time to plant biennials, perennials, winter wheat, trees, shrubs, berries and grapes.

Fourth Quarter – during the waning Moon from the half Moon until the New Moon. All of the Third-Quarter crops can also be planted now, but this period is best used for destroying weeds and killing pests. Cultivation is also best done in this Quarter, especially with the Moon in Aries, Gemini, Leo, Virgo, Sagittarius or Aquarius.

Planting by the Moon-Sign

Aries –
dry and barren. Good for killing weeds and insects. Also a good sign for cultivation. Onions sets can be planted when the Moon is in Aries.

Taurus – Moist and productive. Good for planting root crops and leafy vegetables.

Gemini – Dry and barren. Good for killing weeds and insects. Also good for cultivation.

Cancer – Moist and very productive. Best sign for planting of all kinds, especially aboveground crops. Excellent time to irrigate.

Leo – Very dry and barren. Worst sign for planting. Best for killing weeds and pests. Good for cultivation.

Virgo – Moist but barren. Good for killing weeds and insects. Also good for cultivation.

Libra – Moist and fairly fruitful. Good for hay, corn, fodder. Rapid growth of pulp. Very good for flowers.

Scorpio –
Moist and very productive. Very good for all plants, especially vines. Also good for irrigation,

Sagittarius –
Dry and barren. Good for killing weeds and insects and for cultivation. Onions and hay can be planted under this sign.

Capricorn – Fairly moist, fruitful. Good for root crops.

Aquarius – Dry and barren. Good for killing weeds and pests and for cultivation.

Pisces – Moist and very fruitful. Very productive, especially for root crops. Good for irrigation.

Cut timber when the Moon is waning. It will be dryer and tends to preserve better. Harvest crops – especially fruits – when the Moon is waning and in a dry sign, as bruises will dry rather than rot. Set fence posts during a waning Moon. Irrigate in a moist sign. Prune in the Third Quarter when the Moon is in Scorpio...
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Old 07-12-2009, 03:59 AM   #2
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Default Planting by the Moon

A few moon planting facts, rules and examples...

People have been planting by the moon's phases for centuries, in the belief that
something in the lunar light or gravity affects the way plants grow.

The Simplest Rule For Moon Planting...

The moon planting rule says to plant crops that produce above the ground
during the increasing light of the moon (from new moon to full moon) and to plant crops that produce below the ground during the decreasing light of the moon

(from full moon to new moon).

A More Detailed Set of Moon Planting Rules...
Moon Planting Rule

New Moon To Full Moon:
Sow, Transplant, bud and graft.

Full Moon To New Moon:
Plow, Cultivate, weed and reap.

New Moon To First Quarter:
Good for Planting above-ground crops with outside seeds, flowering annuals.

First Quarter To Full Moon:
Good for planting above ground crops with inside seeds.

Full Moon To Last Quarter: Good for planting root crops, bulbs, biennials, and perennials.

Last Quarter To New Moon:
Do Not Plant

Moon Planting Examples...

A list of when and what to plant.

First quarter planting, or the time from the new moon to about half-full.

Plant annuals with above-ground yields, particularly leafy plants which produce
their seed outside the fruit.
1st Qtr. Examples:
# asparagus cabbage, celery, endive, and spinach.
Second quarter planting, or the time from the half-full to the full moon.

Plant annuals that have above-ground yields which are
vining and produce seed inside the fruit.
2nd Qtr. Examples:
# beans, peas, peppers, squash, eggplant, tomatoes, cucumbers.
Third quarter planting, or from the full moon to half-full.

Plant biennials, perennials, bulb and root crops. Crops which are planted
one season the produce yields the following year, trees, and shrubs.
3rd Qtr. Examples:
* onions, potatoes, rhubarb, grapes, winter wheat, and berries.
Fourth quarter planting, or from half-full to new moon.

4th Qtr. Examples:
* pull weeds, cultivate, destroy pests, and turn sod.
Moon Planting Wise Tales...

* Plant potatoes during the "dark of the moon" is an old adage.

* Plant your seeds within 48 hours before a full moon.

* Do not plant on the day of the New Moon or Full Moon.


An ancient, classical method recognizes the different qualities of the WAXING and WANING periods of the Moon. Around the Full Moon period the Earth receives more light at night. As a result the subtle qualities of the Moonlight are not bleached out by the Sunlight and therefore the vitalizing of all liquids by lunar forces can come to a greater expression.

When Moon Light starts to decrease so do the upward drawing forces and the Earth’s gravitational field becomes more dominant. Then the Moon is closer to the Sun and is mainly above the horizon during the day. The subtle lunar light is desiccated (dried out) by solar might. The pendulum swings in favour of gravitational forces.
(full moon charged)
On the left we see a symbolic impression of the highly charged fluid force field that comes as consequence of the FULL MOON. There is liquid in the sap of plants, rivers, oceans and atmosphere. All liquids respond to this Moon force field phenomenon.

The gardener uses this period of enhanced growth forces for plants that have their main development above the soil surface such as lettuce or tomatoes. Sap flow towards the upper reaches of the plant are stronger during this waxing period. Good & rapid seed germination rates can be expected at these times and there is evidence to suggest that the plant will go on to maintain this rapid growth throughout its life cycle. Harvests for immediate consumption have excellent taste but do not store well. If conditions are dry this is a good time to water because lunar forces cannot be harvested without a water matrix. In excessive wet conditions take action to prevent fungal attacks.
(new moon diminished)
On the left we see a symbolic impression of the New Moon above horizon during day time travelling with the Sun. The fluid force field has now diminished in strength and plant sap is no longer as vital and the plant is more Earth bound. The gardener responds to this.

Growth & fertility forces are still at work but somewhat mitigated. Moisture vitality is low and the Earth’s gravitational pull is strong. The gardener now plants seeds for plants that mainly express themselves below the soil surface such as carrots, potatoes and nitrogen fixing legumes. Germination tends to be slower. Fruits harvested at this time tend to store longer given that they have less moisture in them. This is a good time to make and apply compost. Overall this is an ‘earthy’ time so the gardener’s activities are more directed towards the soil. Prepare beds for planting during the forthcoming WAXING cycle. While one Moon phase trend is active the gardener anticipates the next.
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Old 07-12-2009, 06:23 PM   #3
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Join Date: May 2009
Posts: 504
Default Re: Planting by the Moon

thanks. this is the most extensive information I have ever seen. When I planted lettuce a while back by the moon phases, I got two or three times as much lettuce, that is for sure! I also planted the seeds in a circle or spiral configuration rather than rows. Maybe that helped, too. anybody else ever do that?
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Old 07-13-2009, 03:15 AM   #4
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Default Re: Planting by the Signs

Very interesting I've always had a suspicion that the moon had more influence than we knew about.
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Old 07-13-2009, 03:45 AM   #5
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Smile Re: Planting by the Signs

Thanks Orion11..

Growing up in Australia we've always had these astrological and moon planting charts every year my whole life, which are really cool (sorry pic is so small):

Here's some more info for your thread:

Traditional Moon Planting is an ancient agricultural practice that has been used by farmers for several thousand years. It is based on the synodic period of the Moon from one New Moon to the next, an average period of 29.5 days.
Over time, farmers observed that all aspects of farming were affected by the interaction of the gravitational forces between the Sun, the Moon and Earth. These are the same gravitational forces that affect ocean tides around the world. Because the Moon is closer to Earth, its effects are more noticeable. Scientists have more recently confirmed that variations in sap flow and biological functions in plants, and subtle changes in Earth’s electro-magnetic fields, correspond to the Moon’s gravitational pull. After comparing the various methods of Moon Planting over the past ten years, I came to the conclusion that the traditional method, although the simplest, works best for us and is used by many farmers and gardeners around the world. The basic rules, or principles, are described below.

The Lunation Cycle
Each lunar month the Moon passes through four phases - New Moon, First Quarter, Full Moon and Last Quarter. The number of days between each change of phase can vary from 6 3/4 to 8, so to make it easier for you, the current moon phase and its duration is shown on the right side of this page. Please note that Moon phases are given in Australian Eastern Standard Time (AEST), which applies to gardeners in Queensland, NSW, Victoria and Tasmania. Gardeners in South Australia and Northern Territory should subtract half an hour from the given times, and gardeners in Western Australia should subtract 2 hours. New Zealand gardeners should add 2 hours to the given times. Adjustments will have to be made for Daylight Saving when it applies.

1. Avoid sowing, planting or taking cuttings from 12 hours before to 12 hours after the exact change of moon phase.
The twelve hours immediately before and after the exact change of each phase is not a good time for sowing, planting, or taking cuttings. We have found that the increase or decrease of unfavourable energy is gradual and it will not have an obvious effect if you run an hour or so into this period when you have a lot of sowing or planting to do. While this is not a good period for sowing or planting, this time can be used to prepare beds, compost heaps, apply mulch, etc.

During the New Moon and First Quarter phases, the Moon is waxing or increasing in light. In these two phases, sap flow increases in the above ground parts of plants, and these are the most suitable phases for sowing and transplanting annuals (and biennials). Flowering annuals, grains, melons and spring onions do well if planted in either phase but, generally, New Moon phase is best for leafy annuals and First Quarter is best for fruiting annuals. Liquid fertilisers will take effect more quickly if applied during the waxing phases. Shrubs and trees can be pruned in First Quarter phase when you want to produce new growth quickly, such as pruning spring-flowering shrubs or summer pruning of roses. When pruned while sap flow is high, sap is quickly diverted to the lateral shoots. When sap flow is low, regrowth is slower and dieback is more likely to occur in some plants. The same principle applies to lawns. If you want to encourage fast regrowth, mow during the waxing phases. First Quarter phase is also good for grafting and budding because these require a high sap flow for successful results.

2. NEW MOON PHASE – the best time to sow or transplant leafy annuals (we eat the leaf or stem), and flowering annuals, grains and melons. Also sow annual grasses, green manures, and apply liquid fertilisers. Mow lawns to encourage growth. This is the second best phase to sow or transplant fruiting annuals.

3. FIRST QUARTER PHASE – the best time to sow or transplant fruiting annuals (we eat the fruit or seed bearing part), and flowering annuals, grains and melons. Also sow annual grasses, and green manures and apply liquid fertilisers. Prune to encourage growth and deadhead roses and flowering annuals. Carry out grafting and budding. Mow lawns to encourage growth. This is the second best phase to sow or transplant leafy annuals (we eat the leaf or stem) and flowering annuals.

During the Full Moon and Last Quarter phases the Moon wanes or decreases in light and sap flow in plants is more concentrated in the root area. As sap flow gradually slows during these two phases, Full Moon phase is best for sowing and planting because germination is lower, and regrowth slower, during Last Quarter phase. Because sap flow is lower in the foliage part of plants, crops or seed harvested for storage or drying are less likely to rot if harvested during the Moon’s waning period.
Full Moon phase is best for the sowing and planting of both root crops and perennials (plants that live longer than two years). All trees, shrubs, vines (including fruit trees and vines), globe artichokes, asparagus, rhubarb, strawberries, herbaceous perennials, bulbs and lawn grasses are perennials. The reason that these plants are planted (or sown) in the root vegetable phase is that perennials have a different type of root system to leafy and flowering annuals. Roots of perennial plants have, like root vegetables and garlic, the ability to store carbohydrates and nutrients through periods of dormancy, and this type of root system is important for the longevity of perennials.
Because Full Moon phase favours root growth, this is also an excellent phase for taking cuttings, or for aerial layering, because root growth must form to support new foliage growth. This is also the best phase for dividing plants for the same reason.
Prune dormant plants during Full Moon phase. Last Quarter phase is best for cutting back rampant shrubs and vines, – regrowth will be less vigorous.

4. FULL MOON PHASE – the best time to sow or plant out root crops and all fruiting and decorative perennials. Also sow lawns or lay turf, harvest for storage, take cuttings, divide plants, prune dormant plants and apply solid fertilisers. Mow lawns to slow growth.

5. LAST QUARTER PHASE – no sowing or planting during this phase. This is a good phase for attending to your soil; weeding, applying mulch, making compost, preparing manure teas, applying solid fertilisers and digging or ploughing, if necessary Prune to restrain growth, and mow lawns to slow growth during this phase.

Fertile and Barren Days
These are a further refinement that has been added to moon planting principles through the ages. Fertile days, i.e. when the Moon is in the fertile signs of Cancer, Scorpio and Pisces, or the semi-fertile days of Taurus, Libra and Capricorn, are considered to be of extra help for sowing, grafting, taking cuttings, pruning to encourage growth and planting bare-rooted perennials. Barren days, i.e. when the Moon is in the barren signs of Aries, Leo or Sagittarius, or the semi-barren signs Gemini, Virgo or Aquarius are considered to be of extra help for weeding or harvesting crops for storage. If digging is unavoidable outside Last Quarter phase, it is best to do it on barren days.
Some moon planting guides will tell you to only water on barren days, while other guides will tell you to only water on fertile days. After keeping rain records for many years, I’ve noticed that Mother Nature does not comply with either of these rules. The truth is that you should water your plants when they need it.
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