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Old 11-06-2009, 08:01 PM   #1
Dantheman62
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Default Venus

Missions to Venus
Mission Country Launch Date Arrival Date Type Encounter Characteristics


Venera 1 USSR February 12, 1961 ---- Flyby Now in solar orbit
Mariner 2 USA August 27, 1962 December 14, 1962 Flyby Closest approach: 34,833 km
Zond 1 USSR April 2, 1964 ---- Probe Now in solar orbit
Venera 2 USSR November 12, 1965 ---- Flyby Communications failed just before arrival.
Now in solar orbit.
Venera 3 USSR November 16, 1965 ---- Atmospheric Probe Communications failed just before atmosphere entry.
Crashed on Venus
Venera 4 USSR June 12, 1967 October 18, 1967 Atmospheric Probe First probe to be placed directly in the atmosphere and to return atmospheric data.
It was crushed by the pressure on Venus before it reached the surface.
Mariner 5 USA June 14, 1967 October 19, 1967 Flyby Closest approach: 3900 km
Venera 5 USSR January 5, 1969 May 16, 1969 Atmospheric Probe Burn-up
Venera 6 USSR January 10, 1969 May 17, 1969 Atmospheric Probe Returned data down to within 11 km of the surface before being crushed by the pressure.
Venera 7 USSR August 17, 1970 December 15, 1970 Lander First successful landing of a spacecraft on another planet.
Returned 23 minutes of data.
Venera 8 USSR March 27, 1972 July 22, 1972 Lander Returned data for 50 minutes
Mariner 10 USA November 3, 1973 February 5, 1974 Flyby Dual planet mission to Venus and Mercury.
Closest approach: 5700 km
Images of cloud top
Venera 9 USSR June 8, 1975 October 22, 1975 Orbiter Periapsis: 1560 km
Apoapsis: 112,200 km
Period: 48 hours, 18 min
Inclination: 34* 10'
Photographed clouds and looked at the upper atmosphere.
Lander Transmitted first black and white pictures of the planet's surface
Venera 10 USSR June 14, 1975 October 25, 1975 Orbiter Periapsis: 1620 km
Apoapsis: 113,900 km
Period: 49 hours, 23 min
Inclination: 29* 30'
Photographed clouds and looked at the upper atmosphere
Lander Transmitted black and white photographs of the terrain.
Pioneer Venus 1 (Pioneer 12) USA May 20, 1978 December 4, 1978 Orbiter Periapsis: 200 km
Apoapsis: 66,000 km
Period: 24 hours
Inclination: 29* 30'
Operated until 1992 when contact was lost.
First spacecraft to use radar in mapping the planet's surface.
Pioneer Venus 2 (Pioneer 13) USA August 8, 1978 December 9, 1978 Atmospheric Probe 4 probes parachuted through the atmosphere.
Venera 11 USSR September 9, 1978 December 25, 1978 Flyby Closest approach: 25,000 km
Lander Returned data for 95 minutes.
Imaging systems failed.
Venera 12 USSR September 14, 1978 December 21, 1978 Flyby Closest approach: 25,000 km
Lander Returned data for 110 minutes.
Electrical discharges were recorded.
Venera 13 USSR October 30, 1981 March 1, 1982 Flyby
Lander First color panoramic views of the planet's surface.
Conducted soil analysis.
Venera 14 USSR November 4, 1981 March 5, 1982 Flyby
Entry probe Returned both black & white and color panoramic views of the planet's surface.
Conducted soil analysis.
Venera 15 USSR June 2, 1983 October 10, 1983 Orbiter Radar imaging
Venera 16 USSR June 7, 1983 October 14, 1983 Orbiter Radar imaging
Vega 1 USSR December 15, 1984 June 11, 1985 Balloon/Lander Vega 1 dropped off a Venera style lander and a balloon.
The lander's soil experiment failed.
The balloon floated for about 48 hours.
Now in solar orbit.
Vega 2 USSR December 21, 1984 June 15, 1985 Balloon/Lander Vega 2 dropped off a Venera style lander and a balloon.
The lander conducted soil experiments.
The balloon floated for about 48 hours.
Now in solar orbit.
Galileo USA & Europe October 18, 1989 February 10, 1990 Flyby Images and near-infrared data on clouds.
Used Venus to pick up speed on its way to Jupiter.
Magellan USA May 4, 1989 August 10, 1990 Orbiter Mapped Venus using synthetic aperture radar.
The imaging system produced images at 300 meters resolution.





The Soviet Venera 9 and 10 spacecraft were launched on 8 and 14 June 1975, respectively, to do the unprecedented: place landers on the surface of Venus and return images. The Venera 9 Lander (top) touched down on the surface of Venus on October 22, 1975 at 5:13 UT, about 32° S, 291° E with the sun near zenith. It operated for 53 minutes, allowing return of a single image. Venera 9 landed on a slope inclined by about 30 degrees to the horizontal. The white object at the bottom of the image is part of the lander. The distortion is caused by the Venera imaging system. Angular and partly weathered rocks, about 30 to 40 cm across, dominate the landscape, many partly buried in soil. The horizon is visible in the upper left and right corners.
The Venera 10 Lander (bottom) touched down on the surface of Venus on October 25, 1975 at 5:17 UT, about 16° N, 291° E. The Lander was inclined about 8 degrees. It returned this image during the 65 minutes of operation on the surface. The sun was near zenith during this time, and the lighting was similar to that on Earth on an overcast summer day. The objects at the bottom of the image are parts of the spacecraft. The image shows flat slabs of rock, partly covered by fine-grained material, not unlike a volcanic area on Earth. The large slab in the foreground extends over 2 meters across.
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Old 11-06-2009, 08:04 PM   #2
Dantheman62
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On March 1, 1982 the Venera 13 lander touched down on the Venusian surface at 7.5° S, 303° E, east of Phoebe Regio. It was the first Venera mission to include a color TV camera. Venera 13 survived on the surface for 2 hours, 7 minutes, long enough to obtain 14 images. This color panorama was produced using dark blue, green and red filters and has a resolution of 4 to 5 min. Part of the spacecraft is seen at the bottom of the image. Flat rock slabs and soil are visible. The true color is difficult to judge because the Venerian atmosphere filters out blue light. The surface composition is similar to terrestrial basalt. On the ground in the foreground is a camera lens cover. This image is the left half of the Venera 13 photo.




In those two circled areas you can already see some interesting structures.



A close-up of above photo! Lot's of 90 degree angles in there! hmmm

Here's a link to 149 images of Venus!!

http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/targetFamily/Venus
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Old 11-06-2009, 08:07 PM   #3
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Wow...very interesting...what the heck is that? Looks like machinery to me
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Old 11-06-2009, 08:52 PM   #4
Dantheman62
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Yeah, and see all the men down there?
I told you that men are from Venus and women are from Mars! HaHa
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Old 11-06-2009, 09:12 PM   #5
Jack
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Default Re: Venus

Hey dan, glad to see your still bonkers

That last picture looks amazingly like the topography of a city or some kind of settlement..

Nature is displaying more and more signs of ingenuity with its perfect 90 degree angles and roundabouts.
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Old 11-06-2009, 09:25 PM   #6
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Dantheman62 View Post
Yeah, and see all the men down there?
I told you that men are from Venus and women are from Mars! HaHa
Ha ha...those men are down ther visiting all us women from Venus
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Old 11-06-2009, 10:18 PM   #7
Dantheman62
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Default Re: Venus

No it's really a trap!! A Venus Mantrap! LOL

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Old 11-06-2009, 10:20 PM   #8
BROOK
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I wish I could post a picture right now ...hahaha
not fair!
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Old 11-06-2009, 10:47 PM   #9
Dantheman62
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Ha, but it does look like a bunch of buildings kinda, in that last picture doesn't it?
Where's Richard C. Hoaxland when it comes to Venus? Oops, I mean Hoagland, LOL
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Old 11-06-2009, 10:54 PM   #10
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Sure does! Great find Dan
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Old 11-07-2009, 04:39 AM   #11
Dantheman62
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Venus in the Moon
Credit & Copyright: Johannes Schedler (Panther Observatory)
Inset: Vincent Jacques
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Old 11-07-2009, 04:51 AM   #12
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Listen to the words of the song 'Levon' performed by Elton John. Is God (the real one) dead? Why does Jesus want to go to Venus? What was the finest school in town that Levon sent Jesus to? Who is Levon? God? Was Jesus a Venusian? Are Venusians really Andromedans? Are Andromedans really non-violent and non-theocratic renegade Pleiadians? What would Alex Collier say? The spacecraft which we send to Venus don't do very well...do they? Does someone pop them like pimples when they arrive? We hear a lot about Mars...but not very much about Venus. How come? The silence is deafening.

Last edited by orthodoxymoron; 11-07-2009 at 05:10 AM.
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Old 11-07-2009, 05:12 AM   #13
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What would Bernie Taupin say?

Quote:
Bernie Taupin,who wrote the lyrics for "Levon," was inspired by The Band co-founder, drummer, and lead singer Levon Helm to name the titular character after him. The Band was apparently Elton John's and Bernie Taupin's favorite group in those days.[3] The "Alvin Tostig" mentioned in the song (Levon's father) is, according to Taupin, merely fictional.[4]
Hmm not much, sorry ortho, great clip though!!!
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Old 11-07-2009, 05:41 AM   #14
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Thanks Observer, I didn't know that about the song. I like "The Band" and Levon Helm has been in a few movies too.
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